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List of studies

Tests for the chronic toxicity of propylene glycol and triethylene glycol on monkeys and rats by vapor inhalation and oral administration Robertson O.H. et al JPET 1947
Conventional and electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) have different smoking characteristics Trtchounian A. et al Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2010
E-Cigarettes: A Rapidly Growing Internet Phenomenon Yamin C.K. et al Annals Of Internal Medicine 2010
Electronic cigarettes are poorly labelled and under-regulated New Scientist 2010
Electronic cigarettes: a survey of users Etter J. BMC Public Health 2010
Electronic nicotine delivery devices: ineffective nicotine delivery and craving suppression after acute administration Eissenberg T Tobacco control 2010
Analysis of electronic cigarette cartridges, refill solutions, and smoke for nicotine and nicotine related impurities Trehy M.L. et al Journal of Liquid Chromatography & Related Technologies 2011
NIOSH review of Diacetyl - Occupational Exposure (popcorn lung) CDC STAFF CDC 2011
Effect of an electronic nicotine delivery device (e-Cigarette) on smoking reduction and cessation: a prospective 6-month pilot study Polosa R. et al BMC Public Health 2011
Electronic cigarette: users profile, utilization, satisfaction and perceived efficacy Etter J., Bullen C. Addiction 2011
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigs): views of aficionados and clinical/public health perspectives Foulds J. et al International Journal of Clinical Practice 2011
Electronic cigarettes as a harm reduction strategy for tobacco control: A step forward or a repeat of past mistakes? Cahn Z., Siegel M. Journal of Public Health Policy 2011
Electronic Cigarettes As a Smoking-Cessation Tool : Results from an Online Survey Siegel M.B. et al American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2011
Electronic nicotine delivery systems: is there a need for regulation? Trtchounian A., Talbot P. Tobacco control 2011
Electronic-Cigarette Smoking Experience Among Adolescents Cho J.H. et al Journal of Adolescent Health 2011
Interviews With “Vapers”: Implications for Future Research With Electronic Cigarettes McQueen A. et al Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2011
Smoking Cessation with E-Cigarettes in Smokers with a Documented History of Depression and Recurring Relapses Caponnetto P. et al IJCM 2011
Successful smoking cessation with electronic cigarettes in smokers with a documented history of recurring relapses: a case series Caponnetto P. et al J Med Case Reports 2011
Tracking the Rise in Popularity of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (Electronic Cigarettes) Using Search Query Surveillance Ayers J.W. et al AJPM 2011
Variability Among Electronic Cigarettes in the Pressure Drop, Airflow Rate, and Aerosol Production Williams M., Talbot P. Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2011
Acute effects of electronic and tobacco cigarette smoking on complete blood count Flouris A.D. et al. Food and Chemical Toxicology 2012
Clinical laboratory assessment of the abuse liability of an electronic cigarette Vansickel A.R. et al Addiction 2012
Commentary on Wagener et al. (2012): Electronic cigarettes – the Holy Grail of nicotine replacement? Etter J. Addiction 2012
Comparison of electronic cigarette refill fluid cytotoxicity using embryonic and adult models Bahl V. et al Reproductive Toxicology 2012
Comparison of the effects of e-cigarette vapor and cigarette smoke on indoor air quality McAuley T.R. et al Inhalation Toxicology: International Forum for Respiratory Research 2012
Effects of active and passive electronic and tobacco cigarette smoking on lung function Chorti M. et al Toxicology Letters 2012
Electronic cigarette aerosol particle size distribution measurements Ingebrethsen B. J. et al Inhalation Toxicology: International Forum for Respiratory Research 2012
Electronic cigarette--a safe substitute for tobacco cigarette or a new threat? Kośmider L. et al Przegl Lek 2012
Electronic cigarettes: a response to Leelavathi and Das Foulds J. et al International Journal of Clinical Practice 2012
Electronic cigarettes: achieving a balanced perspective Wagener T.L. et al Addiction 2012
Electronic cigarettes: new kit on the rack Leelavathi M., Das S. International Journal of Clinical Practice 2012
Electronic Cigarettes. Do They Have a Role in Smoking Cessation? Odum L.E. et al Journal of Pharmacy Practice 2012
Nicotine control: E-cigarettes, smoking and addiction Bella K., Keaneb H. International Journal of Drug Policy 2012
Non-cigarette tobacco products: What have we learned and where are we headed? O'Connor R.J. Tobacco control 2012
Short-term Pulmonary Effects of Using an Electronic Cigarette: Impact on Respiratory Flow Resistance, Impedance, and Exhaled Nitric Oxide Vardavas C.I. et al CHEST 2012
The electronic cigarette: what proportion of smokers have tried it and how many use it regularly? Kralikova E. et al. Addiction 2012
The electronic-cigarette: Effects on desire to smoke, withdrawal symptoms and cognition Dawkins L. et al Addictive Behaviors 2012
Adolescent Males' Awareness of and Willingness to Try Electronic Cigarettes Pepper J.K. et al Journal of Adolescent Health 2013
Awareness and Ever Use of Electronic Cigarettes Among U.S. Adults, 2010–2011 King al Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2013
Chronic Idiopathic Neutrophilia in A Smoker, Relieved after Smoking Cessation with the Use of Electronic Cigarette: a Case Report Farsalinos K.E., Romagna G. Clin Med Insights Case Rep. 2013
Determination of tobacco-specific nitrosamines in replacement liquids of electronic cigarettes by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry Kim H., Shin H. Journal of Chromatography A 2013
E-Cigarettes: Prevalence and Attitudes in Great Britain Dockrell M. et al Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2013
Electronic cigarette: a possible substitute for cigarette dependence Caponnetto P. et al Monaldi Arch Chest Dis. 2013
Electronic Cigarettes and Vaping: A New Challenge in Clinical Medicine and Public Health. A Literature Review Palazzolo D.L. Front Public Health 2013
Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation: a randomised controlled trial Bullen C. et al The Lancet 2013
Electronic Cigarettes: A New Nicotine Gateway? Grana R.A. Journal of Adolescent Health 2013
Electronic cigarettes: a short review Bertholon J.F. et al Respiration 2013
Electronic Cigarettes: Effective Nicotine Delivery After Acute Administration Vansickel A.R., Eissenberg T. Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2013
Evaluating Nicotine Levels Selection and Patterns of Electronic Cigarette Use in a Group of “Vapers” Who Had Achieved Complete Substitution of Smoking Farsalinos K.E. et al Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment 2013
Health-related effects reported by electronic cigarette users in online forums Hua M. et al J Med Internet Res. 2013
Impact of an electronic cigarette on smoking reduction and cessation in schizophrenic smokers: a prospective 12-month pilot study Caponnetto P. et al Int J Environ Res Public Health 2013
In Vitro Particle Size Distributions in Electronic and Conventional Cigarette Aerosols Suggest Comparable Deposition Patterns Zhang Y. et al Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2013
Metal and Silicate Particles Including Nanoparticles Are Present in Electronic Cigarette Cartomizer Fluid and Aerosol Williams M. et al PLOS ONE 2013
Mining data on usage of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) from YouTube videos Hua M. et al Tobacco control 2013
Nicotine derived from the electronic cigarette improves time-based prospective memory in abstinent smokers Dawkins L. et al Psychopharmacology 2013
Nicotine Levels in Electronic Cigarettes Goniewicz M.L. et al Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2013
Perceived efficacy of e-cigarettes versus nicotine replacement therapy among successful e-cigarette users: a qualitative approach Barbeau A.M. et al Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2013
Qualitative and quantitative compositions of fluids for electronic cigarettes Uryupin A.B. et al Pharmaceutical Chemistry Journal 2013
Secondhand Exposure to Vapors From Electronic Cigarettes Czogala Y. et al Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2013
Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial of electronic cigarettes versus nicotine patch for smoking cessation Bullen C. et al BMC Public Health 2013
Use of Electronic Cigarettes Among State Tobacco Cessation Quitline Callers Vickerman K.A. et al Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2013
Vaping' profiles and preferences: an online survey of electronic cigarette users Dawkins L. et al Addiction 2013
"Smoking revolution": a content analysis of electronic cigarette retail websites Grana R.A., Ling P.M. Am J Prev Med. 2014
A longitudinal study of electronic cigarette users Etter J., Bullen C. Addictive Behaviors 2014
A systematic review of health effects of electronic cigarettes Pisinger C., Døssing M. Prev Med 2014
Achieving appropriate regulations for electronic cigarettes Saitta D. et al Ther Adv Chronic Dis. 2014
Acute effects of using an electronic nicotine-delivery device (electronic cigarette) on myocardial function: comparison with the effects of regular cigarettes Farsalinos K.E. et al BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2014
Adverse Effects of e-Cigarette Exposures Cantrell F.L. Journal of Community Health 2014
Carbonyl compounds generated from electronic cigarettes Bekki K. et al Int J Environ Res Public Health 2014
Chemical evaluation of electronic cigarettes Cheng T. Tobacco control 2014
Connections of nicotine to cancer Grando S.A. Nature Reviews Cancer 2014
Counseling Patients on the Use of Electronic Cigarettes Ebbert J.O. et al Mayo Clinic Proceedings 2014
Do electronic cigarettes impart a lower potential disease burden than conventional tobacco cigarettes? Review on E-cigarette vapor versus tobacco smoke. Oh A., Kacker A. Laryngoscope 2014
E-cigarettes and cardiovascular risk: beyond science and mysticism Lippi G. et al Semin Thromb Hemost. 2014
E-Cigarettes. A Scientific Review Grana R. et al Circulation 2014
Effects of electronic cigarette smoking on human health Meo S.A., Al Asiri S.A. European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences 2014
Efficacy of electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation Orr K.K., Asal N.J. Ann Pharmacother. 2014
Electronic cigarette use among Korean adolescents: a cross-sectional study of market penetration, dual use, and relationship to quit attempts and former smoking Lee S. et al J Adolesc Health 2014
Electronic cigarettes and nicotine clinical pharmacology Schroeder M.J, Hoffman A.C. Tobacco control 2014
Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation and reduction McRobbie H. et al Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014
Electronic cigarettes: a review of safety and clinical issues Weaver M. et al J Addict Med. 2014
Electronic cigarettes: abuse liability, topography and subjective effects Evans S.E., Hoffman A.C. Tobacco control 2014
Electronic cigarettes: human health effects Callahan-Lyon P. Tobacco control 2014
Electronic cigarettes: incorporating human factors engineering into risk assessments Yang L. et al Tobacco control 2014
Electronic cigarettes: patterns of use, health effects, use in smoking cessation and regulatory issues Rahman M.A. et al Tob Induc Dis. 2014
Electronic cigarettes: product characterisation and design considerations Brown C.J., Cheng J.M. Tobacco control 2014
Electronic cigarettes: review of use, content, safety, effects on smokers and potential for harm and benefit Hajek P. et al Addiction 2014
Electronic cigarettes. Potential harms and benefits Drummond M.B., Upson D. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2014
Electronic nicotine delivery system (electronic cigarette) awareness, use, reactions and beliefs: a systematic review Pepper J.K., Brewer N.T. Tobacco control 2014
Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (“E-cigarettes”). Review of Safety and Smoking Cessation Efficacy Harrell P.T. et al Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2014
Evaluation of electronic cigarette liquids and aerosol for the presence of selected inhalation toxins Farsalinos K.E. et al Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2014
How are the English Stop Smoking Services responding to growth in use of electronic cigarettes? Beard E. et al Patient Education and Counseling 2014
How much nicotine kills a human? Tracing back the generally accepted lethal dose to dubious self-experiments in the nineteenth century Mayer, Bernd Arch Toxicol. 2014
Identification of toxicants in cinnamon-flavored electronic cigarette refill fluids Behar R.Z. et al Toxicology in Vitro 2014
Influential parameters on particle concentration and size distribution in the mainstream of e-cigarettes Fuoco F.C. et al Environmental Pollution 2014
Nicotine absorption from electronic cigarette use: comparison between first and new-generation devices Farsalinos K.E. et al Nature 2014
Peering through the mist: systematic review of what the chemistry of contaminants in electronic cigarettes tells us about health risks Burstyn I. BMC Public Health 2014
Pilot Investigation of Changes in Readiness and Confidence to Quit Smoking After E-Cigarette Experimentation and 1 Week of Use Wagener T.L. et al Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2014
Research gaps related to the environmental impacts of electronic cigarettes Chang H. Tobacco control 2014
Risks of Attempting to Regulate Nicotine Flux in Electronic Cigarettes Farsalinos K.E. et al Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2014
Safety evaluation and risk assessment of electronic cigarettes as tobacco cigarette substitutes: a systematic review Farsalinos K.E., Polosa R. Ther Adv Drug Saf. 2014
The changing face of tobacco use among United States youth Lauterstein D. et al Curr Drug Abuse Rev. 2014
The impact of electronic cigarettes on the paediatric population Durmowicz E.L. Tobacco control 2014
Use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) impairs indoor air quality and increases FeNO levels of e-cigarette consumers Schober W. et al International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 2014
Vaping and Health: What Do We Know about E-Cigarettes? Arnold C. Environ Health Perspect. 2014
Water Pipes and E-cigarettes : New Faces of an Ancient Enemy Dagaonkar R.S., Udwadia Z.F. Journal of the association of physicians of india 2014
A review of the current geographic distribution of and debate surrounding electronic cigarette clean air regulations in the United States Kadowaki J. et al Health Place 2015
Are e-cigarettes a gateway to smoking or a pathway to quitting? Alawsi F. et al Br Dent J. 2015
Are E-cigarettes a safe and good alternative to cigarette smoking? Oren R. et al Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 2015
Are Metals Emitted from Electronic Cigarettes a Reason for Health Concern? A Risk-Assessment Analysis of Currently Available Literature Farsalinos K.E. et al Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015
Development of an in vitro cytotoxicity model for aerosol exposure using 3D reconstructed human airway tissue; application for assessment of e-cigarette aerosol Neilson L. et al Toxicology in Vitro 2015
E-cigarettes generate high levels of aldehydes only in ‘dry puff’ conditions Farsalinos K.E. et al Addiction 2015
E-cigarettes need to be tested for safety under realistic conditions Bates C.D., Farsalinos K.E. Addiction 2015
E-cigarettes: an evidence update. A report commissioned by Public Health England McNeill et al Public Health England 2015
E-cigarettes: Considerations for the otolaryngologist Biyani S., Derkay C.S. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2015
E-cigarettes: Safe to recommend to patients? Jerry J.M. et al Cleve Clin J Med. 2015
Electronic Cigarette Use Among Adults: United States, 2014 Shoenborn et al. NCHS Data Brief 2015
Electronic Cigarette Use and Exposure in the Pediatric Population Collaco J.M. et al JAMA Pediatr. 2015
Electronic Cigarettes - A Narrative Review for Clinicians Orellana-Barrios M.A. et al Am J Med 2015
Electronic Cigarettes: A Primer for Clinicians Born H. et al Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015
Electronic cigarettes: assessing the efficacy and the adverse effects through a systematic review of published studies Gualano M.R. et al J Public Health (Oxf) 2015
Electronic Cigarettes: Lifestyle Gadget or Smoking Cessation Aid? Schuurmans M.M. Praxis 2015
Electronic Cigarettes: Vulnerability of Youth. Schraufnagel D.E. Pediatr Allergy Immunol Pulmonol. 2015
Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems: A Policy Statement from the American Association for Cancer Research and the American Society of Clinical Oncology Brandon T.H. et al Clinical Cancer Research 2015
Exposure to Electronic Cigarettes Impairs Pulmonary Anti-Bacterial and Anti-Viral Defenses in a Mouse Model Sussan T.E. et al. PLOS ONE 2015
Flavoring Chemicals in E-Cigarettes: Diacetyl, 2,3-Pentanedione, and Acetoin in a Sample of 51 Products, Including Fruit-, Candy-, and Cocktail-Flavored E-Cigarettes Allen et al EHP 2015
Is there evidence for potential harm of electronic cigarette use in pregnancy? Sufer M.A. et al Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2015
More on Hidden Formaldehyde in E-Cigarette Aerosols Nitzkin al N Engl J Med 2015
Nicotine Levels and Presence of Selected Tobacco-Derived Toxins in Tobacco Flavoured Electronic Cigarette Refill Liquids Farsalinos K.E. et al Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015
Response to Shihadeh et al. (2015): E-cigarettes generate high levels of aldehydes only in ‘dry puff’ conditions Farsalinos K.E. et al Addiction 2015
The chemical components of electronic cigarette cartridges and refill fluids: review of analytical methods Famele M. et al Nicotine Tob Res. 2015
The Electronic Cigarette: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly Cooke A. et al J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2015
The Potential Adverse Health Consequences of Exposure to Electronic Cigarettes and Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems Oncology Nursing Forum 2015
Therapeutic potential of use of the electronic cigarettes at nicotinic dependence (In Russian with English summary) Mendelevich V.D. Наркология 2015
Tobacco-Specific Nitrosamines in Electronic Cigarettes: Comparison between Liquid and Aerosol Levels Farsalinos K.E. et al Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015
Toxicity Assessment of Refill Liquids for Electronic Cigarettes Varlet V. et al Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015
Vapors Produced by Electronic Cigarettes and E-Juices with Flavorings Induce Toxicity, Oxidative Stress, and Inflammatory Response in Lung Epithelial Cells and in Mouse Lung Lerner et al. PLOS ONE 2015
Nicotine absorption from electronic cigarette use: comparison between experienced consumers (vapers) and naïve users (smokers) Farsalinos etal. Sci. Rep. 2015
Evaluation of Chronic Oral Nicotine Treatment in Food Consumption, Body Weight and [125I] Epibatidine Binding in Adult Mice Huang etal Journal of Toxicology 2015
Chemical emissions from e-cigarettes: Direct and indirect (passive) exposures Offermann Building and Environment 2015
Vapor has 750x LESS Diacetyl than Cigarette Smoke: Article from Public Health Prof Michael Siegel Blogpost 2015
Electronic cigarettes induce DNA strand breaks and cell death independently of nicotine in cell lines Yu V. et al Oral Oncology 2016
Cigarette smoke but not electronic cigarette aerosol activates a stress response in human coronary artery endothelial cells in culture Teasdale J.E. etal Drug and alcohol dependence 2016
Electronic cigarette inhalation alters innate immunity and airway cytokines while increasing the virulence of colonizing bacteria Hwang J.H. etal Journal of Molecular Medicine 2016
Electronic cigarette use in the European Union: 6-9 Million Europeans Have Quit Farsalinos, et al Journal Addiction 2016
Protocol proposal for, and evaluation of, consistency in nicotine delivery from the liquid to the aerosol of electronic cigarettes atomizers: regulatory implications Farsalinos etal. Addiction 2016
Flavoring Compounds Dominate Toxic Aldehyde Production during E-Cigarette Vaping Khlystov, Samburova Environ. Sci. Technol. 2016
Vapor Does NOT Cause Cell Mutations, Tobacco Smoke Does Causa Cell Mutations (Cancer Risk) D. Thorne Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis. 2016
Visible Vaping: E-Cigarettes and the Further De-Normalization of Smoking McKeganey etal Int Arch Addict Res Med 2016
E-cigarettes and smoking cessation in real-world and clinical settings: a systematic review and meta-analysis Kalkhoran, Glantz the Lancet 2016
Nicotine concentration of e-cigarettes used by adolescents Morean etal Drug and Alcohol Dependence 2016
A direct method for e-cigarette aerosol sample collection Olmedo etal Environmental Research 2016
Efficacy and Safety of Electronic Cigarettes for Smoking Cessation: A Critical Approach Ioakeimidis etal Hellenic Journal of Cardiology 2016
Impact of e-cigarette refill liquid exposure on rat kidney Golli etal Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 2016
Characterization of potential impurities and degradation products in electronic cigarette formulations and aerosols Flora etal Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 2016
Real-Time Measurement of Electronic Cigarette Aerosol Size Distribution and Metals Content Analysis Mikheev etal Nicotine Tob Res 2016
Quit Methods Used by US Adult Cigarette Smokers, 2014–2016 Caraballo etal CDC 2017
Clearing the Air: A systematic review on the harms and benefits of e-cigarettes and vapour devices O'Leary etal 2017
E-cigarettes as a source of toxic and potentially carcinogenic metals Hess etal Environmental Research 2017
Paternal nicotine exposure alters hepatic xenobiotic metabolism in offspring Vallaster etal eLife 2017
Increased Cardiac Sympathetic Activity and Oxidative Stress in Habitual Electronic Cigarette Users Moheimani etal JAMA Cardiol. 2017
Nicotine, Carcinogen, and Toxin Exposure in Long-Term E-Cigarette and Nicotine Replacement Therapy Users: A Cross-sectional Study Shahab etal Ann Intern Med. 2017
Second Generation Electronic Nicotine Delivery System Vape Pen Exposure Generalizes as a Smoking Cue King etal Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2017
Nicotine delivery to users from cigarettes and from different types of e-cigarettes Hajek P. et al Psychopharmacology 2017
Analytical Assessment of e-Cigarettes: From Contents to Chemical and Particle Exposure Profiles (Emerging Issues in Analytical Chemistry) Farsalinos etal. 2017
Aldehyde Detection in Electronic Cigarette Aerosols Ogunwale etal ACS Omega 2017
Concurrent E-Cigarette Use During Tobacco Dependence Treatment in Primary Care Settings: Association With Smoking Cessation at Three and Six Months Zawertailo etal Nicotine Tob Res 2017
E-Cigarettes Use Behavior and Experience of Adults: Qualitative Research Findings to Inform E-Cigarette Use Measure Development Kim etal Nicotine Tob Res 2017
The Influence of a Mouthpiece-Based Topography Measurement Device on Electronic Cigarette User’s Plasma Nicotine Concentration, Heart Rate, and Subjective Effects Under Directed and Ad Libitum Use Conditions Spindle etal Nicotine Tob Res 2017
Correlates of Electronic Cigarettes Use Before and During Pregnancy Oncken etal Nicotine Tob Res 2017
Vaping to lose weight: Predictors of adult e-cigarette use for weight loss or control Morean, Wedel Addictive Behaviors 2017
Toxicity evaluation of e-juice and its soluble aerosols generated by electronic cigarettes using recombinant bioluminescent bacteria responsive to specific cellular damages Bharadwaj etal Biosensors and Bioelectronics 2017
Fine particles in homes of predominantly low-income families with children and smokers (No diff Vapers & Non Smokers) N. Klepeis, etal PLOS ONE 2017
Comparative tumor promotion assessment of e-cigarette and cigarettes (Vapor<Cigs) D. Breheny, et al Envir. &Mol. Mutagensis 2017
Electronic Cigarette Device-Related Hazards:: A Call for Immediate FDA Regulation Loewenstein, Middlekauff American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2017
A comparison of nicotine dependence among exclusive E-cigarette and cigarette users in the PATH study Liu etal Preventive Medicine 2017
Electronic cigarette hazards Zablotsky JADA 2017
Nicotine, aerosol particles, carbonyls and volatile organic compounds in tobacco- and menthol-flavored e-cigarettes Lee etal Environmental Health 2017
Electronic cigarette smoking increases of arterial stifness and oxidative stress to a lesser extent than a single normal cigarette: an acute and chronic study I. Ikonomidis, et al European Heart Journal 2017
Vapor does NOT degrade lung surfactant ability to reduce surface tension, CIg Smoke does a lot Rebecca J. Przybyla etal BMC Respiratory Research 2017
Benzene formation in electronic cigarettes Pankow etal PLOS ONE 2017
Comparative tumor promotion assessment of e-cigarette and cigarettes using the in vitro Bhas 42 cell transformation assay Breheny etal. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 2017
E-cigarettes emit very high formaldehyde levels only in conditions that are aversive to users: A replication study under verified realistic use conditions Farsalinos etal. Food and Chemical Toxicology 2017
Toxicity of PG, VG & PG/VG vapor inhalation in Rats - Almost None Phillips, et al Food and Chemical Toxicology 2017
Small Study: 37% reduction in smoking when e-cigs are available to smokers Tucker, et al Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2017
Comparing the cancer potencies of vapor vs tobacco smoke Stephens BMJ Journal 2017
Harm Minimization and Tobacco Control:- long survey study on Harm Reduction David B. Abrams Annual Rev - Public Health 2017
Safety Profile of Closed System, Cigalike Product over 2 years - No Clinically Significant Adverse Health Impacts Tanvir Walele et al Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 2018
Public Health England Report on E-cig - executive summary Ann McNeill,et al UK Gov Publications 2018
Public Health England Report on E-cig - full 235 page report Ann McNeill,et al UK Gov Publications 2018
Metal Concentrations in e-Cigarette Liquid and Aerosol Samples: The Contribution of Metallic Coils Pablo Olmedo, et al Emvironmental Health Perspectives 2018
E-cigarette vapour enhances pneumococcal adherence to airway epithelial cells Lisa Miyashita, et al European Respiratory Journal 2018
Tobacco Smoking and Brain Endogenous Opioid Release: More than Nicotine Alone (very low nic can satisy cravings) Domino, Hirasawa-Fujita Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2018
Behavioral Econ Survery: E-cigs/VLN must be priced lower than Cigs to have more switch Bryan W Heckman, et al Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2018
Do flavouring compounds contribute to aldehyde emissions in e-cigarettes? Farsilinos & Voudris Food and Chemical Toxicology 2018
Amer. Cancer Society: Public Health Statement on Eliminating Combustible Tobacco Use in US Americn Cancer Society 2018
Carbonyl emissions from a novel heated tobacco product (IQOS): comparison with an e-cigarette and a tobacco cigarette. Dr. Farsalinos, etal 2018
Changing patterns of first e-cigarette flavor used and current flavors used by 20,836 adult frequent e-cigarette users in the USA Christopher Russell, et al Harm Reduction Journal 2018
Role of testing standards in smoke-free product assessments M.Belushkin, etal Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 2018
Changing patterns of first e-cigarette flavor used and current flavors used by 20,836 adult frequent e-cigarette users in the USA Christopher Russell, et al Harm Reduction Journal 2018
Nic/0nic heart impact - Sympathomimetic Effects of Acute E‐Cigarette Use: Role of Nicotine and Non‐Nicotine Constituents Roya S. Moheimani, et al Journal of the American Heart Association 2018
Secong hand vapor - Characterization of the Spatial and Temporal Dispersion Differences Between Exhaled E-Cigarette Mist and Cigarette Smoke Dainius Martuzevicius, PhD, et a; Nicotive & Tobacco Research 2018
Surface Chemistry of Electronic Cigarette Electrical Heating Coils: Effects of Metal Type on Propylene Glycol Thermal Decomposition Najat A.Saliba, et al Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 2018